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教育技术学理论五问


作者:   2020年03月16日


                              教育技术学理论五问*

          ——兼论教育技术学之于教育学理论建构的贡献

                                   杜 华 顾小清

  [摘 要] 教育技术学承担着从技术的视角揭示教育的特殊属性与规律的角色。从由何、为何、如何、是何、向何五个问题对教育技术学理论的追问、探索与解答,审视与省察教育技术学在教育学理论构建中的贡献,对教育学科间对话与交流具有重要意义。教育技术学植根实践,实践是教育技术学理论发展的原动力与创新源;问题是教育技术学理论创新的起始点,对教育系统的结构、要素等问题进行深入的探讨和全新的阐释;教育技术学从哲学方法、一般研究方法及专门研究法等多层次的方法视角,揭示教育的内在逻辑和发展规律;教育技术学围绕着信息技术环境下的学与教,努力地做着一些理论创新的工作。在信息技术时代教育学理论重建背景下,教育技术学要继续发挥学科的优势,以教育与技术的交叉视域,从形而上的本体论、形自体的认识论、形而下的方法论,深度探究新时代教育的本质与规律,为重建符合信息化时代特征的教育学理论体系作出新贡献。

  [关键词] 教育学;教育技术学;信息技术;理论体系

  [作者简介] 杜华,华东师范大学教育学部博士后;顾小清,华东师范大学教育学部教授 (上海 200062)

  * 本文系国家社会科学基金2019年度重大项目“人工智能促进未来教育发展研究”(项目编号:19ZDA364)的研究成果。

           Five Questions about the Theory of Educational Technology

             ——Focusing on the Contributions of Educational

           Technology in the Theoretical Construction of Pedagogy

                              Du Hua & Gu Xiaoqing

  Abstract: Educational technology shoulders the mission of revealing the attribute and the law of education from the perspective of technology, and it is significant to the dialogue between educational disciplines to probe into the contributions of educational technology in the theoretical construction of pedagogy by answering five questions (from where, why, how, what, and to where) about the theory of educational technology. Educational technology is rooted in practice, and practice is the driving force of the development of educational technology and the source of its innovations; questions, which are the starting point of theoretical innovations, help to explore the structure and elements of the educational system; philosophical, general and special methods are used in educational technology to reveal the internal logic and the law of education; and theoretical innovations are made in learning and teaching in the information technology (IT) environment. Currently, in the background of pedagogy reconstruction, educational technology is supposed to continue giving full play to its disciplinary advantages, and explore the essence and the law of education in the new era by using ontology, epistemology and methodology in the cross-field research about education and technology so as to make new contributions in the reconstruction of the theoretical system of pedagogy featured by informatization.

  Key words: pedagogy; educational technology; information technology; theoretical system

  Authors: Du Hua, postdoctoral researcher of the Faculty of Education, East China Normal University; Gu Xiaoqing, professor of the Faculty of Education, East China Normal University (Shanghai 200062)