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城乡教师流动的空间正义及其实现


作者:   2020年03月16日


                          城乡教师流动的空间正义及其实现*

                                           尹建锋

  [摘 要] 教师流动是推进教育公平的重要举措。教师流动在异质空间、异质人格与教师流动模式之间,存在一定关联性的矩阵关系。城乡教师流动的空间正义体现在基于义务均等原则,教师在城乡阶梯式地理空间内定期轮换,实现教育机会平等,并以此为前提,基于市场选择原则,教师有流动的个体自由并获得个性化差异补偿,以发挥不同空间与个体的教育禀赋优势。完善教师流动政策的制定与实施,实现城乡教师流动的空间正义,应科学配置教育空间资源,挖掘差异性教育禀赋;建立“义务均等”性公共治理机制,严格区分义务性与差异补偿性;建立“网格化封闭性空间”师资配置系统,促进知识空间均质化;推动“虚拟教师”流动,界定虚拟教育的限度。

  [关键词] 城乡教师流动;知识空间;教育空间正义;网格化封闭性空间;差异补偿

  [作者简介] 尹建锋,安徽师范大学教育科学学院副教授 (安徽芜湖 241000)

    Urban and Rural Teachers' Mobility: "Justice by Space" and Practice

                              Yin Jianfeng

  Abstract: Teachers' mobility, a significant measure to promote equity in education, has a matric relationship with heterogeneous space, and heterogeneous personality. The "justice by space" in urban and rural teachers' mobility is reflected in their regular job rotations in the ladder-like geographical space in pursuit of equal opportunities for education based on the principle of equal obligations, and their individual freedom of mobility and their right to receive differentiated compensation based on the principle of market selection to give full play to the educational advantages from different spaces and individuals. To consummate the policy for urban and rural teachers' mobility in pursuit of "justice by space," we need to allocate educational resources in a scientific manner to seek differentiated education; establish a public governance mechanism for "equal obligations" by strictly distinguishing between compulsory compensation and differentiated compensation; build a teacher-allocating system of "closed grid space" in pursuit of equal knowledge space; and promote the mobility of "virtual teachers" by clarifying "virtual education."

  Key words: urban and rural teachers' mobility; knowledge space; educational justice by space; closed grid space; differentiated compensation

  Author: Yin Jianfeng, associate professor of the School of Educational Science, Anhui Normal University (Wuhu 241000)