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中国教育现代化的百年书写


作者:   2020年03月16日


                         中国教育现代化的百年书写

                                   程天君 陈 南

  [摘 要] 教育现代化在中国教育改革发展进程中具有非常重要的战略地位,甚至可以将其视为通过发展教育来实现强国之梦的一个写照。百年来,中国在教育现代化的探索中留下了丰富的话语和文本,通过考察“教育现代化”这一概念的书写背景和生成过程,可以将其大致分为三个阶段:五四运动到中华人民共和国成立以前,是教育现代化的概念诞生时期;中华人民共和国成立之后的30年,是教育现代化的曲折探索时期;改革开放以来,特别是随着中国特色社会主义进入新时代,则是教育现代化的全面推进时期。回顾历史,展望未来,面向2035的中国教育现代化可以从教育理念、教育体系、人才培养模式、教育治理体系和治理能力的现代化等方面予以书写和把握。

  [关键词] 教育现代化;教育改革和发展;知识考古;中国教育现代化2035

  [作者简介] 程天君,南京师范大学教育社会学研究中心主任、教授;陈南,南京师范大学教育科学学院博士生 (南京 210097)

      The Modernization of Education in China over the Past Century

                        Cheng Tianjun & Chen Nan

  Abstract: The modernization of education plays a strategically important role in China's educational reform and development, and it can even be viewed as a portrait of achieving the dream of a powerful country through the development of education. Over the past century, China has created abundant words and texts in the probe into the modernization of education. Based on the background and evolution of its concept, the modernization of education in China falls into three periods: the first period, starting from the May Fourth Movement to the time before the founding of the PRC; the period of exploration, the following thirty years after the founding of the PRC; and the period of improvement, since China's reform and opening-up, especially since the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics. In the future, the modernization of education in China targeting 2035 is expected to focus on the modernization of educational ideas, the modernization of the educational system, the modernization of talent training modes, and the modernization of the educational governance system plus the capacity for educational governance.

  Key words: modernization of education; educational reform and development; archeology of knowledge; the modernization of education in China targeting 2035

  Authors: Cheng Tianjun, Director and professor of the Center for Sociology of Education, Nanjing Normal University; Chen Nan, doctoral candidate of the School of Education Science, Nanjing Normal University (Nanjing 210097)