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论民族地区乡村儿童价值观教育


作者:   2020年03月16日


                       论民族地区乡村儿童价值观教育*

                                     孙杰远

  [摘 要] 民族地区乡村儿童价值观教育是民族教育、乡村教育和价值观教育视域融合后产生的特定议题,是铸牢民族地区乡村儿童中华民族共同体意识、促进民族文化价值共生和社会治理的关键。民族地区乡村儿童价值观教育的前提在于,充分认识作为客观条件与限定的多重现实场域,即民族地区、乡村社会、国家及世界;突破传统价值观教育概念,创新价值观教育方法,提取现代价值观教育实践新形式。民族地区乡村儿童价值观教育特别强调发展儿童理性价值判断力和塑造儿童正确的少数民族文化价值观、乡村社会价值观和中国—世界政治价值观。家庭是价值观“模仿”之源,学校是培育价值观的主阵地,社区则为价值观养成不可或缺的“闲暇”教育空间,民族地区乡村儿童价值观教育需要家庭、学校和社区共同发力、联合促动。

  [关键词] 民族地区;乡村社会;儿童;价值观教育

  [作者简介] 孙杰远,广西师范大学副校长、教育学部部长、教授 (广西桂林 541004)

  * 本文系国家社会科学基金2018年度教育学一般课题“少数民族儿童价值观形成的文化归因与培育研究”(课题批准号:BMA180036)的研究成果。

               On Values Education for Rural Children in Ethnic Areas

                                     Sun Jieyuan

  Abstract: Values education for rural children in ethnic areas, a specific issue arising from the integration of ethnic education, rural education and values education, serves as the key to fostering a sense of community for the Chinese nation among rural children in ethnic areas, and promoting the symbiosis of national cultural values and social governance. The values education is premised on a full understanding of multiple realities such as objective conditions and limitations, especially ethnic areas, the rural community, China and the world, a breakthrough in the traditional concept of values education, and the application of new methods of values education and new forms of educational practice. Therefore, we are supposed to attach special importance to developing children's rational judgment of value, and fostering their correct cultural values of ethnic minorities, rural values and China-world political values. Families, schools and communities are supposed to work together, for families are the source of values "imitation," schools are the major front for cultivating social values, and communities provide values with an indispensable "leisure" educational space.

  Key words: ethnic areas; rural society; children; values education

  Author: Sun Jieyuan, Vice President of Guangxi Normal University, and Dean & professor of the Faculty of Education, Guangxi Normal University (Guilin 541004)